What is Vectorization and Why Do You Need it?

Vectorization is simply a process of conversion of a raster image (JPEG, PNG or bitmap) into a vector format (AI, SVG, and PDF). In the vectorizing process, every part and facet of the image is regarded as a geometrical shape or a line.

Whether it may be texts, signs or symbols, a genuine vectorization of the raster image would stand-out.

Generally, an image does not have any shape or edifice. It is a bunch of markings on a piece of paper, grains in film or number of pixels in a bitmap.

Don’t get me wrong, a raster image is quite useful but it comes with some limits. For instance, if the raster image is zoomed in, tiny dots or grains will appear.

The image will become grainy and blurry because of the blown up pixels.

However, vectorization of a raster image will nullify the pixels to get blown. This is because, in vectorization of an image, geometrical shapes, arrays and lines are used. They can be magnified or zoom-in effortlessly without the pixelating the image.

The basic purpose of vectorization is for the conversion of a two-dimensional or a three-dimensional image into its vector representation format.

Vectorization also doesn’t get involved in the pattern recognition of the image. The process to a vectorized image consists of lines, curves and other mathematical equations.

Making the shape and size of the character secured, so the aesthetic creativity remains intact.

What kind of images is the best preference for vectorization?
The images are best for the vectorization for the artificial images. It includes cartoons, caricatures, logos, maps, blueprints, and clip arts.

This is because all of these are based on geometrical shapes and sizes. Therefore, they are converted with perfection into a vector format.

What images converted to vectorization?
It goes without saying a file has to be an image format that is meant to be converted into a vectorized format.

Vector conversion program may only be able to read a certain image format for conversion into a vector. Most common of those raster image formats include PNG, JPG, TIFF, and BMP.

These raster image formats are converted into vectorize formats like AI, SVG, PDF, EPS, EMF, and DXF.

Vectorization Recovers Lost Work
Besides doing the basic conversion of raster images into vector, there are multiple other functions of vectorization.

For instance, there are image producing programs such as Paint in Microsoft Windows that features the program of creating illustrations. You can also add texts, draw and fill out outlines with a particular color.

However, the results of your work in Paint will be saved in a bitmap format, which comes in the category of a raster image. Therefore, the work of drawing and filling on Paint will be discarded automatically.

Nonetheless, through vectorization some of those lost workings, information and operations can be recovered.  

Furthermore, vectorization can also be used for recovering lost information or data that was already in the vector format.

Let me explain, a corporation had their logo from a graphics designing firm. The firm delivers the logo in the vector format but somehow the corporation didn’t get it in the original format of the file.

It won’t be an issue to recover the lost the original file format of that logo. Because the corporation can easily scan the hard copy of that logo and send that scanned copy to that firm again for vectorization.